PhysLink.com Logo

Zn - Zinc

Zinc

 Zinc 
Zn
Atomic Number: 30
Atomic Weight: 65.39
Element Type: Transition Metal
Crystal Structure: Hexagonal
Melting Point: 419.53°C = 787.154°F = 692.68 K
Boiling Point: 907.0°C = 1664.6°F = 1180.15 K
Critical Temp: °C = °F = K
Atomic Radius: 1.53 Å (Å = Angstrom = 10-10 m)
Covalent Radius: 1.25 Å
Electronegativity: 1.65

History

(German Zink, of obscure origin) Centuries before zinc was recognized as a distinctelement, zinc ores were used for making brass. Tubal-Cain, seven generations from Adam, ismentioned as being an "instructor in every artificer in brass and iron." Analloy containing 87 percent zinc has been found in prehistoric ruins in Transylvania.

Metallic zinc was produced in the 13th century A.D. in India by reducing calamine withorganic substances such as wool. The metal was rediscovered in Europe by Marggraf in 1746,who showed that it could be obtained by reducing calamine with charcoal.


Sources

The principal ores of zinc are sphalerite (sulfide), smithsonite (carbonate), calamine(silicate), and franklinite (zine, manganese, iron oxide). One method of zinc extractioninvolves roasting its ores to form the oxide and reducing the oxide with coal or carbon,with subsequent distillation of the metal.



Science Quote

'The difference between what the most and the least learned people know is inexpressibly trivial in relation to that which is unknown.'

Albert Einstein
(1879-1955)


All rights reserved. © Copyright '1995-'2017 PhysLink.com